Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz citáty

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz foto
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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Dátum narodenia: 1. júl 1646
Dátum úmrtia: 14. november 1716

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz bol nemecký filozof, predstaviteľ novovekého racionalizmu, fyzik, matematik, diplomat, jeden z posledných polyhistorov a iniciátorov ekumenických snáh. Leibnizovi išlo o hľadanie kompromisu medzi apriórnou vedou, teológiou a empirizmom.

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Citáty Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

„Thus it is in a simple substance, and not in a compound or in a machine, that perception must be sought for.“

— Gottfried Leibniz
Context: Moreover, it must be confessed that perception and that which depends upon it are inexplicable on mechanical grounds, that is to say, by means of figures and motions. And supposing there were a machine, so constructed as to think, feel, and have perception, it might be conceived as increased in size, while keeping the same proportions, so that one might go into it as into a mill. That being so, we should, on examining its interior, find only parts which work one upon another, and never anything by which to explain a perception. Thus it is in a simple substance, and not in a compound or in a machine, that perception must be sought for. La monadologie (17).

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„TO LOVE is to find pleasure in the happiness of others.“

— Gottfried Leibniz
Context: TO LOVE is to find pleasure in the happiness of others. Thus the habit of loving someone is nothing other than BENEVOLENCE by which we want the good of others, not for the profit that we gain from it, but because it is agreeable to us in itself. CHARITY is a general benevolence. And JUSTICE is charity in accordance with wisdom. … so that one does not do harm to someone without necessity, and that one does as much good as one can, but especially where it is best employed. "A Dialogue" (after 1695), as quoted in [http://books.google.com/books?id=oFoCY3xJ8nkC&dq The Shorter Leibniz Texts (2006)] edited by Lloyd H. Strickland, p. 170

„My philosophical views approach somewhat closely those of the late Countess of Conway“

— Gottfried Leibniz
Context: My philosophical views approach somewhat closely those of the late Countess of Conway, and hold a middle position between Plato and Democritus, because I hold that all things take place mechanically as Democritus and Descartes contend against the views of Henry More and his followers, and hold too, nevertheless, that everything takes place according to a living principle and according to final causes — all things are full of life and consciousness, contrary to the views of the Atomists. Letter to Thomas Burnet (1697), as quoted in Platonism, Aristotelianism and Cabalism in the Philosophy of Leibniz (1938) by Joseph Politella, p. 18

„Moreover, it must be confessed that perception and that which depends upon it are inexplicable on mechanical grounds, that is to say, by means of figures and motions.“

— Gottfried Leibniz
Context: Moreover, it must be confessed that perception and that which depends upon it are inexplicable on mechanical grounds, that is to say, by means of figures and motions. And supposing there were a machine, so constructed as to think, feel, and have perception, it might be conceived as increased in size, while keeping the same proportions, so that one might go into it as into a mill. That being so, we should, on examining its interior, find only parts which work one upon another, and never anything by which to explain a perception. Thus it is in a simple substance, and not in a compound or in a machine, that perception must be sought for. La monadologie (17).

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„Nature does not make leaps.“

— Gottfried Leibniz
Avant-propos to Nouveaux essais sur l'entendement humain (1704). A later, more famous Latin version — "Natura non facit saltus" — is from the Philosophia Botanica (1751) by Linnaeus. A variant translation is "natura non saltum facit" (literally, "Nature does not make a jump") ( [https://books.google.com/books?id=goW6JsEUz4EC&pg=PA289 Extract of page 289]).

„To love is to be delighted by the happiness of someone, or to experience pleasure upon the happiness of another. I define this as true love.“

— Gottfried Leibniz
The Elements of True Piety (c. 1677), [http://books.google.com/books?id=oFoCY3xJ8nkC&dq The Shorter Leibniz Texts (2006)] edited by Lloyd H. Strickland, p. 189

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„I have said more than once, that I hold space to be something purely relative, as time; an order of coexistences, as time is an order of successions.“

— Gottfried Leibniz
[http://www.physics.ubc.ca/~berciu/PHILIP/TEACHING/PHYS340/EXTRA/FILES/Leibniz-ClarkeA.pdf Third letter] to Samuel Clarke, February 25, 1716

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