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Herbert Spencer

Dátum narodenia: 27. apríl 1820
Dátum úmrtia: 8. december 1903

Herbert Spencer bol anglický filozof, predstaviteľ pozitivizmu a hlavný predstaviteľ evolucionizmu 2. polovice 19. storočia. Bol aj mysliteľom klasického liberalizmu viktoriánskej éry, objavuje sa uňho heslo There is no alternative.


„Hlavným účelom vzdelania nie je vedieť, ale konať.“

„V prevahe sebaovládania väzí jedna z dokonalostí ideálneho muža.“


„Nikto nemôže byť dokonale šťastný, ak nie sú šťastní všetci.“

„Kompliment je zväčšovacie sklo omrvinky pravdy.“

„Životná sila pevného zdravia pozláti aj nešťastie.“

„Život je neustálym prispôsobovaním vnútorných situácií vonkajším.“

„Pripraviť nás na dokonalý život je úloha, ktorú má vykonať výchova.“

„Čas: To, čo sa človek vždy snaží zabiť, ale čo nakoniec zabije jeho.“


„Účelom vzdelania nie je vedieť, ale konať.“

„The great aim of education is not knowledge but action.“

„The ultimate result of shielding men from the effects of folly is to fill the world with fools.“

„[L]et us not overlook the further great fact, that not only does science underlie sculpture, painting, music, poetry, but that science is itself poetic. The current opinion that science and poetry are opposed is a delusion.... On the contrary science opens up realms of poetry where to the unscientific all is a blank. Those engaged in scientific researches constantly show us that they realize not less vividly, but more vividly, than others, the poetry of their subjects. Whoever will dip into's works on geology, or read Mr.'s “Seaside Studies,” will perceive that science excites poetry rather than extinguishes it. And whoever will contemplate the life ofwill see that the poet and the man of science can co-exist in equal activity. Is it not, indeed, an absurd and almost a sacrilegious belief that the more a man studies Nature the less he reveres it? Think you that a drop of water, which to the vulgar eye is but a drop of water, loses anything in the eye of the physicist who knows that its elements are held together by a force which, if suddenly liberated, would produce a flash of lightning? Think you that what is carelessly looked upon by the uninitiated as a mere snow-flake, does not suggest higher associations to one who has seen through a microscope the wondrously varied and elegant forms of snow-crystals? Think you that the rounded rock marked with parallel scratches calls up as much poetry in an ignorant mind as in the mind of a geologist, who knows that over this rock a glacier slid a million years ago? The truth is, that those who have never entered upon scientific pursuits know not a tithe of the poetry by which they are surrounded. Whoever has not in youth collected plants and insects, knows not half the halo of interest which lanes and hedge-rows can assume. Whoever has not sought for fossils, has little idea of the poetical associations that surround the places where imbedded treasures were found. Whoever at the seaside has not had a microscope and aquarium, has yet to learn what the highest pleasures of the seaside are. Sad, indeed, is it to see how men occupy themselves with trivialities, and are indifferent to the grandest phenomena—care not to understand the architecture of the universe, but are deeply interested in some contemptible controversy about the intrigues of Mary Queen of Scots!—are learnedly critical over a Greek ode, and pass by without a glance that grand epic... upon the strata of the Earth!“


„Be bold, be bold, and everywhere be bold.“

„Whatever fosters militarism makes for barbarism; whatever fosters peace makes for civilization.“

„Before he can remake his society, his society must make him.“

„The preservation of health is a duty. Few seem conscious that there is such a thing as physical morality.“

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