Quintus Ennius citáty

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Quintus Ennius

Dátum narodenia: 16. júl 239 pred n. l.
Dátum úmrtia: 8. október 169 pred n. l.

Quintus Ennius bol rímsky básnik, často označovaný za otca rímskeho básnictva. Jeho dielo malo významný vplyv na vývoj rímskej literatúry v klasickom období. Priniesol niektoré významné prvky, predovšetkým hexameter, ktorý sa ujal ako metrum vyššieho básnického štýlu. Wikipedia

Foto: Unknown author / Public domain

„The idle mind knows not what it wants.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Aulus Gellius in Noctes Atticae (Attic Nights), Book XIX, Chapter X
Iphigenia
Originál: (la) Otioso in otio animus nescit quid velit.

„There is no fellowship inviolate,
no faith is kept, when kingship is concerned.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis Book I, Chapter VIII - translation by Walter Miller
Variant translation: To kingship belongs neither sacred fellowship nor faith.
Originál: (la) Nulla sancta societas
Nec fides regni est.

„A sure friend is known in unsure times.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Amicitia, Chapter XVII
Originál: (la) Amicus certus in re incerta cernitur.

„He who has conquered is not conqueror
Unless the conquered one confesses it.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Marcus Servius Honoratus in In Vergilii carmina comentarii (Commentaries on the poems of Virgil), Book XI https://web.archive.org/web/20141219124307/http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.02.0053%3Abook%3D11%3Acommline%3D306
Originál: (la) Qui vincit non est victor nisi victus fatetur.

„And earth who herself bestowed the body takes it back and wastes not a whit.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Varro in De Lingua Latina, Book V
Originál: (la) Terram corpus quae dederit, ipsam
capere neque dispendi facere hilum.

„Neither you nor any man alive shall do this unpunished: no, you shall give recompense to me with your life-blood.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Macrobius in Saturnalia; Book VI, Chapter I
Compare: Tu tamen interea calido mihi sanguine poenas persolves amborum, Virgil, Aeneid, Book IX, line 422
Originál: (la) Nec pol homo quisquam faciet inpune animatus
hoc nec tu; nam mi calido dabis sanguine poenas.

„Let no one pay me honor with tears, nor celebrate my funeral rites with weeping. Why? I fly, living, through the mouths of men.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in Tusculanae Disputationes, Book I, chapter XV, section 34
Originál: (la) Nemo me lacrumis decoret neque funera fletu
faxit. Cur? volito vivos per ora virum.

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„As a strong horse that has often won on the last lap at Olympia is now resting, tired out by old age.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Senectute, Chapter V (tr. K. Volk)
Originál: (la) Sicut fortis equus, spatio qui saepe supremo
Vicit Olympia, nunc senio confectus quiescit.

„Who kindly sets a wand'rer on his way
Does e'en as if he lit another's lamp by his:
No less shines his, when he his friend's hath lit.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis, Book I, Chapter XVI - translation by Walter Miller
Originál: (la) Homo qui erranti comiter monstrat viam,
Quasi lumen de suo lumine accendat facit;
Nihilo minus ipsi lucet, cum illi accenderit.

„where the Gauls stealthily, at the time of night when sleep falls on men, attacked the high citadel and of a sudden stained with blood walls and watchers.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Macrobius in Saturnalia, Book I, Chapter IV (tr. J. Elliott)
Originál: (la) Qua Galli furtim noctu summa arcis adorti
moenia concubia vigilesque repente cruentant.

„Your minds that once did stand erect and strong,
What madness swerves them from their wonted course?“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Senectute, Chapter VI (Loeb translation)
Originál: (la) Quo vobis mentes, rectae quae stare solebant
Antehac, dementis sese flexere viai?

„No one regards what is before his feet; we all gaze at the stars.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Divinatione, Book II, Chapter XIII
Iphigenia
Originál: (la) Quod est ante pedes nemo spectat, caeli scrutantur plagas.

„No sooner said than done—so acts your man of worth.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Priscianus in Ars Prisciani, Book VI
Originál: (la) Dictum factumque facit frux.

„The Roman state survives by its ancient customs and its manhood.“

—  Ennius

Annals, Book V
Originál: (la) Moribus antiquis res stat Romana virisque.

„Whom none could overcome with iron or gold.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Re Publica, Book III, Chapter IV
Iron is a metonym for sword/warfare, and gold for money/bribery.
Originál: (la) Quem nemo ferro potuit superare nec auro.

„Open your eyelids, will you all, and let your brains leave sleep behind.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Festus, in De verborum significatione (Loeb translation)
Originál: (la) Pandite sultis genas et corde relinquite somnum.

„The mind wanders unsure, except in that life is lived.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Aulus Gellius in Noctes Atticae (Attic Nights), Book XIX, Chapter X
Iphigenia
Originál: (la) Incerte errat animus; praeterpropter vitam vivitur.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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