Hérodotos citáty

Hérodotos fotka
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Hérodotos

Dátum narodenia: 484 pred n. l.
Dátum úmrtia: 425 pred n. l.

Hérodotos , gr. Ἡρόδοτος - Hérodotos bol grécky historik, geograf, etnograf a filozof dejín, „otec dejepisu“ . Mladosť strávil na ostrove Samos, po nastolení tyranidy v Halikarnasse ušiel do Atén a neskôr sa usadil v južnej Itálii. Atény poznal v období Periklovej demokracie. Navštívil Egypt, Prednú Áziu, Čiernomorie i africkú Kyrénu; koniec života prežil v južnej Itálii . Poznatky z ciest uplatnil v diele „Historiés Apodexis“ , ktoré koncipoval ako odveký boj Grékov s barbarmi. Zmysel dejín videl v úsilí o neustálu rovnováhu. Herodotos preniesol ťažisko záujmu na politické dejiny.

„Úspech obvykle sprevádza tých, ktorí majú chuť sa do niečoho pustiť, a nie tých, ktorí o všetkom dlho uvažujú a váhajú.“

—  Hérodotos

Prisudzované výroky
Zdroj: [LENČOVÁ, Žofia.: Perly antiky. Ostrava: Knižní expres, 1997 ISBN 80-902272-7-9]

„Nenávisť je matka neúspechu.“

—  Hérodotos

Prisudzované výroky
Zdroj: [ČERVEŇ, J.: 7777 MYŠLIENOK (psychológov, svätcov, osobností malých i veľkých) PRE NÁROČNÝCH 2. 1998 (samizdat).]

„The only good is knowledge, and the only evil is ignorance.“

—  Herodotus

The words of Socrates, as quoted by Diogenes Laertius.
Misattributed

„Very few things happen at the right time, and the rest do not happen at all. The conscientious historian will correct these defects.“

—  Herodotus

This statement is not to be found in the works of Herodotus. It appears in the acknowledgements to Mark Twain's A Horse's Tale (1907) preceded by the words "Herodotus says", but Twain was simply summarizing what he took to be Herodotus' attitude to historiography.
Misattributed

„This is the bitterest pain among men, to have much knowledge but no power.“

—  Herodotus, kniha Histories

Book 9, Ch. 16
Variant translations:
Of all men's miseries the bitterest is this: to know so much and to have control over nothing.
The most hateful torment for men is to have knowledge of everything but power over nothing.
The Histories

„It is said that as many days as there are in the whole journey, so many are the men and horses that stand along the road, each horse and man at the interval of a day’s journey; and these are stayed neither by snow nor rain nor heat nor darkness from accomplishing their appointed course with all speed.“

—  Herodotus, kniha Histories

Book 8, Ch. 98
variant: Not snow, no, nor rain, nor heat, nor night keeps them from accomplishing their appointed courses with all speed. (Book 8, Ch. 98)
Paraphrase: "Neither snow, nor rain, nor heat, nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds" ”
Appears carved over entrance to Central Post Office building in New York City.
The Histories

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„Knowledge may give weight, but accomplishments give lustre, and many more people see than weigh.“

—  Herodotus

Actually a quotation from a letter of Lord Chesterfield dated May 8, 1750.
Misattributed

„In peace sons bury fathers, but in war fathers bury sons.“

—  Herodotus, kniha Histories

Variant translation: In peace, children inter their parents; war violates the order of nature and causes parents to inter their children.
Book 1, Ch. 87.
The Histories

„Some men give up their designs when they have almost reached the goal; while others, on the contrary, obtain a victory by exerting, at the last moment, more vigorous efforts than ever before.“

—  Herodotus

Though widely attributed to Herodotus this in fact comes from the Histories of Polybius, Book 16, chapter 28: "Some men, like bad runners in the stadium, abandon their purposes when close to the goal; while it is at that particular point, more than at any other, that others secure the victory over their rivals". (Translation of Evelyn S Shuckburgh).
Misattributed

„It is better to be envied than pitied.“

—  Herodotus, kniha Histories

Book 3, Ch. 52
The Histories
Varianta: How much better a thing it is to be envied than to be pitied.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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