Marvin Minsky citáty

Marvin Minsky foto
1  0

Marvin Minsky

Dátum narodenia: 9. august 1927
Dátum úmrtia: 24. január 2016
Ďalšie mená:Mārvins Minskis,ماروین مینسکی,Marvin Lee Minsky


Marvin Lee Minsky je americký kognitívny vedec a informatik zaoberajúci sa výskumom umelej inteligencie. Je spoluzakladateľom laboratória umelej inteligencie na Massachusettskom technologickom inštitúte a autorom viacerých textov o umelej inteligencii a filozofii.

Citáty Marvin Minsky


„We shouldn't let our envy of distinguished masters of the arts distract us from the wonder of how each of us gets new ideas. Perhaps we hold on to our superstitions about creativity in order to make our own deficiencies seem more excusable. For when we tell ourselves that masterful abilities are simply unexplainable, we're also comforting ourselves by saying that those superheroes come endowed with all the qualities we don't possess. Our failures are therefore no fault of our own, nor are those heroes' virtues to their credit, either. If it isn't learned, it isn't earned.

When we actually meet the heroes whom our culture views as great, we don't find any singular propensities––only combinations of ingredients quite common in themselves. Most of these heroes are intensely motivated, but so are many other people. They're usually very proficient in some field--but in itself we simply call this craftmanship or expertise. They often have enough self-confidence to stand up to the scorn of peers--but in itself, we might just call that stubbornness. They surely think of things in some novel ways, but so does everyone from time to time. And as for what we call "intelligence", my view is that each person who can speak coherently already has the better part of what our heroes have. Then what makes genius appear to stand apart, if we each have most of what it takes?

I suspect that genius needs one thing more: in order to accumulate outstanding qualities, one needs unusually effective ways to learn. It's not enough to learn a lot; one also has to manage what one learns. Those masters have, beneath the surface of their mastery, some special knacks of "higher-order" expertise, which help them organize and apply the things they learn. It is those hidden tricks of mental management that produce the systems that create those works of genius. Why do certain people learn so many more and better skills? These all-important differences could begin with early accidents. One child works out clever ways to arrange some blocks in rows and stacks; a second child plays at rearranging how it thinks. Everyone can praise the first child's castles and towers, but no one can see what the second child has done, and one may even get the false impression of a lack of industry. But if the second child persists in seeking better ways to learn, this can lead to silent growth in which some better ways to learn may lead to better ways to learn to learn. Then, later, we'll observe an awesome, qualitative change, with no apparent cause--and give to it some empty name like talent, aptitude, or gift.“

— Marvin Minsky, The Society of Mind

Dnešné výročie
Auguste Rodin foto
Auguste Rodin10
francúzsky sochár 1840 - 1917
Adam Schaff foto
Adam Schaff1
poľský marxistický filozof a teoretik 1913 - 2006
Podobní autori
Benjamin Franklin foto
Benjamin Franklin140
americký autor, politický teoretik, politik, vedúci pošty...
John Ruskin foto
John Ruskin66
anglický spisovateľ a umelecký kritik
William Henry Bragg foto
William Henry Bragg1
britský vedec
Walter Benjamin foto
Walter Benjamin12
nemecký literárny kritik, filozof a sociálny kritik
Ernest William Barnes foto
Ernest William Barnes7
anglický matematik a kňaz
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe foto
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe435
nemecký spisovateľ, výtvarník a politik
Georg Christoph Lichtenberg foto
Georg Christoph Lichtenberg120
nemecký vedec, satirik
Carl Friedrich Gauß foto
Carl Friedrich Gauß5
nemecký matematik a fyzikálny vedec
Alexander Graham Bell foto
Alexander Graham Bell1
vedec a vynálezca známy pre jeho prácu na telefóne