John Maynard Keynes citáty

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John Maynard Keynes

Dátum narodenia: 5. jún 1883
Dátum úmrtia: 21. apríl 1946

John Maynard Keynes, prvý barón Keynes z Tiltonu bol anglický ekonóm, ktorý položil základy ekonomickej školy myslenia nazývanej keynesianizmus. Jeho radikálne myšlienky mali zásadný vplyv na modernú ekonomickú a politickú teóriu. Je známy predovšetkým ako zástanca vládnej politiky zásahov, podľa ktorej má vláda uskutočňovať fiškálne a monetárne zásahy do ekonomiky tak, aby zmiernila nepriaznivé dopady ekonomických výkyvov. Často je považovaný za zakladateľa modernej makroekonómie.


„Idei formujú priebeh histórie.“

„Slová by mali byť o čosi prudkejšie, pretože sú útokom myšlienok na ľahostajnosť. Words ought to be a little wild for they are the assault of thoughts on the unthinking.“ angl.


„Je lepšie byť medokonale dobrý ako dokonale zlý.“

„Jediné čo ľutujem vo svojom živote je, že som nevypil viac šampanského!“

„V dlhom období sme aj tak všetci mŕtvi.“

„When my information changes, I alter my conclusions. What do you do, sir?“

„The long run is a misleading guide to current affairs. In the long run we are all dead.“ A Tract on Monetary Reform

„The ideas of economists and political philosophers, both when they are right and when they are wrong are more powerful than is commonly understood. Indeed, the world is ruled by little else. Practical men, who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influences, are usually slaves of some defunct economist.“


„If you owe your bank a hundred pounds, you have a problem. But if you owe a million, it has.“

„Capitalism is the astounding belief that the most wickedest of men will do the most wickedest of things for the greatest good of everyone.“

„It is better to be roughly right than precisely wrong.“

„Education: the inculcation of the incomprehensible into the indifferent by the incompetent.“


„Words ought to be a little wild for they are the assault of thoughts on the unthinking.“

„Practical men who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influence, are usually the slaves of some defunct economist. Madmen in authority, who hear voices in the air, are distilling their frenzy from some academic scribbler of a few years back“

„The master-economist must possess a rare combination of gifts.... He must be mathematician, historian, statesman, philosopher—in some degree. He must understand symbols and speak in words. He must contemplate the particular, in terms of the general, and touch abstract and concrete in the same flight of thought. He must study the present in the light of the past for the purposes of the future. No part of man's nature or his institutions must be entirely outside his regard. He must be purposeful and disinterested in a simultaneous mood, as aloof and incorruptible as an artist, yet sometimes as near to earth as a politician.“

„The political problem of mankind is to combine three things: economic efficiency, social justice and individual liberty.“

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