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Friedrich Schlegel

Dátum narodenia: 10. marec 1772
Dátum úmrtia: 12. január 1829
Ďalšie mená: Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von Schlegel

Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von Schlegel bol nemecký filozof kultúry, literárny kritik, literárny historik, prekladateľ, klasický filológ, indológ a básnik. Je považovaný za spoluzakladateľa romantizmu v nemeckej literatúre. Viac ako jeho literárne diela sa dočkali slávy jeho teoretické osnovy.

Spoločne so svojím bratom Augustom Wilhelmom vydával časopis Athenäum. Ďalej prispieval do časopisu Deutschland a Concordia. V časopise Deutschland vyšli jeho recenzie Schillerových prác. Schlegel Schillera úplne strhal - rozkol medzi oboma filozofmi. Napísal kritiku i na Herderove Listy o humanite. Herderov nehodnotiaci postoj bol pre neho absolútne neprijateľný. Napáda jeho historicizmus, formálne – metodologickú stránku listu, fragmentárnosť.

Vrcholom všetkých umení je podľa neho poézia - a vrcholom gréckej poézie je tragédia. Najvýznamnejším predstaviteľom gréckej tragédie je Sofokles.

„Každý nevzdelaný človek je karikatúrou seba samého.“

—  Friedrich Schlegel

Varianta: Nevzdelaný človek je karikatúrou seba samého.

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„It is individuality which is the original and eternal within man; personality doesn’t matter so much. To pursue the education and development of this individuality as one’s highest vocation would be a divine egoism.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Grade die Individualität ist das Ursprüngliche und Ewige im Menschen; an der Personalität ist so viel nicht gelegen. Die Bildung und Entwicklung dieser Individualität als höchsten Beruf zu treiben, wäre ein göttlicher Egoismus.
“Selected Ideas (1799-1800)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) # 60

„Prudishness is pretense of innocence without innocence.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

“Selected Aphorisms from the Athenaeum (1798)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #31
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)
Kontext: Prudishness is pretense of innocence without innocence. Women have to remain prudish as long as men are sentimental, dense, and evil enough to demand of them eternal innocence and lack of education. For innocence is the only thing which can ennoble lack of education.

„If there is an invisible church, then it is of the great paradox, which is inseparable from morality, and which must be distinguished from the merely philosophical. People who are so eccentric that they are completely serious in being and becoming virtuous understand one another in everything, find one another easily, and form a silent opposition against the prevailing immorality that pretends to be morality.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Athenäumsfragmente 414
Variant translations:
People who are eccentric enough to be quite seriously virtuous understand each other everywhere, discover each other easily, and form a silent opposition to the ruling immorality that happens to pass for morality.
Philosophical Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991) § 414
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)
Kontext: If there is an invisible church, then it is of the great paradox, which is inseparable from morality, and which must be distinguished from the merely philosophical. People who are so eccentric that they are completely serious in being and becoming virtuous understand one another in everything, find one another easily, and form a silent opposition against the prevailing immorality that pretends to be morality. A certain mysticism of expression, which joined with romantic fantasy and grammatical understanding, can be something charming and good, often serves as a symbol of their beautiful secrets.

„Poetry can be criticized only through poetry.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

“Selected Aphorisms from the Lyceum (1797)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #117
Kontext: Poetry can be criticized only through poetry. A critique which itself is not a work of art, either in content as representation of the necessary impression in the process of creation, or through its beautiful form and in its liberal tone in the spirit of the old Roman satire, has no right of citizenship in the realm of art.

„In India lay the real source of all tongues, of all thoughts and utterances of the human mind. Everything - yes, everything without exception - has it origin in India."“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

and "The primary source of all intellectual development - in a word the whole human culture - is unquestionably to be found in the tradItions of the East.

quoted in Londhe, S. (2008). A tribute to Hinduism: Thoughts and wisdom spanning continents and time about India and her culture. New Delhi: Pragun Publication.

„The artist should have as little desire to rule as to serve. He can only create, do nothing but create, and so help the state only by … exalting politicians and economists into artists.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Der Künstler darf eben so wenig herrschen als dienen wollen. 15 Er kann nur bilden, nichts als bilden, für den Staat also nur das thun, dass er Herrscher und Diener bilde, dass er Politiker und Oekonomen zu Künstlern erhebe.
“Ideas,” Lucinde and the Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991), § 54

„A mediator is one who perceives the divinity within himself and who self-destructively sacrifices himself in order to reveal, communicate, and represent to all mankind this divinity in his conduct and actions, in his words and works.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Ein Mittler ist derjenige, der Göttliches in sich wahrnimmt, und sich selbst vernichtend Preis giebt, um dieses Göttliche zu verkündigen, mitzutheilen, und darzustellen allen Menschen in Sitten und Thaten, in Worten und Werken.
“Ideas,” Lucinde and the Fragments, P. Firchow, trans. (1991), § 44

„Aphorisms are the true form of the universal philosophy.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Fragmente, sagen Sie, wären die eigentliche Form der Universalphilosophie.
“A” in “Selected Aphorisms from the Athenaeum (1798)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #259
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)

„Moderation is the spirit of castrated narrow-mindedness.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

“Selected Aphorisms from the Athenaeum (1798)”, Dialogue on Poetry and Literary Aphorisms, Ernst Behler and Roman Struc, trans. (Pennsylvania University Press:1968) #64
Athenäum (1798 - 1800)

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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