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José Saramago

Dátum narodenia: 16. november 1922
Dátum úmrtia: 18. jún 2010

José Saramago bol portugalský spisovateľ, nositeľ Nobelovej ceny za literatúru za rok 1998.

Saramago mal ukončené stredoškolské vzdelanie, bol dobrým žiakom, ale z finančných dôvodov nepokračoval v štúdiu a začal pracovať ako strojný zámočník. Neskôr pracoval ako maliar, vydavateľ, novinár a prekladateľ. Vo vydavateľstve pracoval dvanásť rokov vo funkcii produkčného a literárneho riaditeľa. Pracoval aj pre časopis „Seara Nova“ ako literárny kritik.

Koncom sedemdesiatych rokov začal byť známym svojou románovou tvorbou, ale slávnym sa stal až románom Povesť o kláštore , ktorého dej sa zakladal na realite, zmiešanej s magickými motívmi.

„Inside us there is something that has no name, that something is what we are.“

—  José Saramago, kniha Blindness

Dentro de nós há uma coisa que não tem nome, essa coisa é o que somos.
Zdroj: Blindness (1995), p. 276

„God is the silence of the universe, and man is the cry that gives meaning to that silence.“

—  José Saramago

Deus é o silêncio do universo, e o homem o grito que dá um sentido a esse silêncio.
Lanzarote Notebooks (1990), quoted in The Notebook, entry for 9 October 2008.

„Men, forgive Him, for He knows not what He has done.“

—  José Saramago, kniha The Gospel According to Jesus Christ

Zdroj: The Gospel According to Jesus Christ (1991), p. 347; Jesus' last words from the cross.
Kontext: Jesus then realized he had been brought here under false pretences, as the lamb is led to sacrifice and that his life had been planned for death since the very beginning. Remembering the river of blood and suffering that would flow from his side and flood the entire earth, he called out to the open sky where God could be seen smiling, Men, forgive Him, for He knows not what He has done.

„Besides the conversation of women, it is dreams that keep the world in orbit.“

—  José Saramago, kniha Baltasar and Blimunda

Zdroj: Baltasar and Blimunda (1982), p. 107
Kontext: Besides the conversation of women, it is dreams that keep the world in orbit. But dreams also form a diadem of moons, therefore the sky is that splendour inside a man's head, if his head is not, in fact, his own unique sky.

„If we cannot live entirely like human beings, at least let us do everything in our power not to live entirely like animals.“

—  José Saramago, kniha Blindness

Se não formos capazes de viver inteiramente como pessoas, ao menos façamos tudo para não viver inteiramente como animais.
Zdroj: Blindness (1995), p. 116

„Fate [is] the supreme order to which even gods are subject. And what of men, what is their function. To challenge order, to change fate. For the better. For better or for worse, it makes no difference, the point is to keep fate from being fate.“

—  José Saramago, kniha The Year of the Death of Ricardo Reis

O destino é a ordem suprema, a que os próprios deuses aspiram, E os homens, que papel vem a ser o dos homens, Perturbar a ordem, corrigir o destino, Para melhor, Para melhor ou para pior, tanto faz, o que é preciso é impedir que o destino seja destino.
Zdroj: The Year of the Death of Ricardo Reis (1993), p. 288

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„The man changed position, turned his back on the wardrobe blocking the door and let his right arm slide down toward the side on which the dog is lying. A minute later, he was awake. He was thirsty. He turned on his bedside light, got up, shuffled his feet into the slippers which were, as always, providing a pillow for the dog's head, and went into the kitchen. Death followed him. The man filled a glass with water and drank it. At this point, the dog appeared, slaked his thirst in the water-dish next to the back door and then looked up at his master. I suppose you want to go out, said the cellist. He opened the door and waited until the animal came back. A little water remained in his glass. Death looked at it and made an effort to imagine what it must be like to feel thirsty, but failed. She would have been equally incapable of imagining it when she'd had to make people die of thirst in the desert, but at the time she hadn't even tried. The dog returned, wagging his tail. Let's go back to sleep, said the man. They went into the bedroom again, the dog turned around twice, then curled up into a ball. The man drew the sheet up to his neck, coughed twice and soon afterward was asleep again. Sitting in her corner, death was watching. Much later, the dog got up from the carpet and jumped onto the sofa. For the first time in her life, death knew what it felt like to have a dog on her lap.“

—  José Saramago, kniha Death with Interruptions

Zdroj: Death with Interruptions (2005), p. 172

„It is not pornography that is obscene, it is hunger that is obscene.“

—  José Saramago

Não é a pornografia que é obscena, é a fome que é obscena
Interview http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vuohB_arwRE&lr=1 Programa Jô Soares, 1997.

„Age carries with it a double load of guilt“

—  José Saramago, kniha The Cave

Zdroj: The Cave (2000), p. 69 (Vintage 2003)

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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