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John Locke

Dátum narodenia: 29. august 1632
Dátum úmrtia: 28. október 1704

John Locke bol anglický filozof, považovaný za jedného zo zakladateľov novovekej filozofie. Je hlavný predstaviteľ empirizmu a autor sociálno-filozofických teórií. Jeho myšlienky vo veľkom ovplyvnili rozvoj politickej filozofie a teórie spoločenskej zmluvy a jeho spisy mali tiež priamy vplyv na formuláciu Deklarácie nezávislosti Spojených štátov a americkej ústavy. Wikipedia

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„The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation“

—  John Locke, kniha Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 145
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Kontext: The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation, giving one another a fair silent hearing till they have quite done; and then answering them calmly, and without noise or passion. And if it be not so in this civiliz'd part of the world, we must impute it to a neglect in education, which has not yet reform'd this antient piece of barbarity amongst us.

„Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours.“

—  John Locke

As quoted in "Hand Book : Caution and Counsels" in The Common School Journal Vol. 5, No. 24 (15 December 1843) by Horace Mann, p. 371
Kontext: This is that which I think great readers are apt to be mistaken in; those who have read of everything, are thought to understand everything too; but it is not always so. Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. We are of the ruminating kind, and it is not enough to cram ourselves with a great load of collections; unless we chew them over again, they will not give us strength and nourishment.

„There cannot be a greater rudeness, than to interrupt another in the current of his discourse“

—  John Locke, kniha Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 145
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Kontext: There cannot be a greater rudeness, than to interrupt another in the current of his discourse... To which, if there be added, as is usual, a correcting of any mistake, or a contradiction of what has been said, it is a mark of yet greater pride and self-conceitedness, when we thus intrude our selves for teachers, and take upon us either to set another right in his story, or shew the mistakes of his judgement.

„For as these are different in him, so are your methods to be different, and your authority must“

—  John Locke, kniha Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 102
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Kontext: Begin therefore betimes nicely to observe your son's temper; and that, when he is under least restraint, in his play, and as he thinks out of your sight. See what are his predominate passions and prevailing inclinations; whether he be fierce or mild, bold or bashful, compassionate or cruel open or reserv'd, &c. For as these are different in him, so are your methods to be different, and your authority must hence take measures to apply itself different ways to him. These native propensities, these prevalencies of constitution, are not to be cur'd by rules, or a direct contest, especially those of them that are the humbler or meaner sort, which proceed from fear, and lowness of spirit: though with art they may be much mended, and turn'd to good purposes. But this be sure, after all is done, the bypass will always hang on that side that nature first plac'd it: And if you carefully observe the characters of his mind, now in the first scenes of his life, you will ever after be able to judge which way his thoughts lean, and what he aims at even hereafter, when, as he grows up, the plot thickens, and he puts on several shapes to act it.

„The scene should be gently open'd“

—  John Locke, kniha Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 94
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Kontext: The scene should be gently open'd, and his entrance made step by step, and the dangers pointed out that attend him from several degrees, tempers, designs, and clubs of men. He should be prepared to be shocked by some, and caress'd by others; warned who are like to oppose, who to mislead, who to undermine him, and who to serve him. He should be instructed how to know and distinguish them; where he should let them see, and when dissemble the knowledge of them and their aims and workings.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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