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John Locke

Dátum narodenia: 29. august 1632
Dátum úmrtia: 28. október 1704

John Locke bol anglický filozof, považovaný za jedného zo zakladateľov novovekej filozofie. Je hlavný predstaviteľ empirizmu a autor sociálno-filozofických teórií. Jeho myšlienky vo veľkom ovplyvnili rozvoj politickej filozofie a teórie spoločenskej zmluvy a jeho spisy mali tiež priamy vplyv na formuláciu Deklarácie nezávislosti Spojených štátov a americkej ústavy.

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„The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation“

—  John Locke, kniha Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 145
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Kontext: The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation, giving one another a fair silent hearing till they have quite done; and then answering them calmly, and without noise or passion. And if it be not so in this civiliz'd part of the world, we must impute it to a neglect in education, which has not yet reform'd this antient piece of barbarity amongst us.

„Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours.“

—  John Locke

As quoted in "Hand Book : Caution and Counsels" in The Common School Journal Vol. 5, No. 24 (15 December 1843) by Horace Mann, p. 371
Kontext: This is that which I think great readers are apt to be mistaken in; those who have read of everything, are thought to understand everything too; but it is not always so. Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. We are of the ruminating kind, and it is not enough to cram ourselves with a great load of collections; unless we chew them over again, they will not give us strength and nourishment.

„He that will have his son have a respect for him and his orders, must himself have a great reverence for his son.“

—  John Locke, kniha Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 71; Note: Here Locke quotes Juvenal
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Kontext: He that will have his son have a respect for him and his orders, must himself have a great reverence for his son. Maxima debetur pueris reverentia [The greatest respect is owed to the children].

„None of the things they learn, should ever be“

—  John Locke, kniha Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 73
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Kontext: None of the things they learn, should ever be made a burthen to them, or impos's on them as a task. Whatever is so proposed, presently becomes irksome; the mind takes an aversion to it, though before it were a thing of delight or indifferency. Let a child but be ordered to whip his top at a certain time every day, whether he has or has not a mind to it; let this be but requir'd of him as a duty, wherein he must spend so many hours morning and afternoon, and see whether he will not soon be weary of any play at this rate. Is it not so with grown men?

„He should be instructed how to know and distinguish them; where he should let them see, and when dissemble the knowledge of them and their aims and workings.“

—  John Locke, kniha Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 94
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Kontext: The scene should be gently open'd, and his entrance made step by step, and the dangers pointed out that attend him from several degrees, tempers, designs, and clubs of men. He should be prepared to be shocked by some, and caress'd by others; warned who are like to oppose, who to mislead, who to undermine him, and who to serve him. He should be instructed how to know and distinguish them; where he should let them see, and when dissemble the knowledge of them and their aims and workings.

„All the entertainment and talk of history is nothing almost but fighting and killing: and the honour and renown that is bestowed on conquerers (who for the most part are but the great butchers of mankind) farther mislead growing youth, who by this means come to think slaughter the laudible business of mankind, and the most heroick of virtues.“

—  John Locke, kniha Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 116
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Kontext: All the entertainment and talk of history is nothing almost but fighting and killing: and the honour and renown that is bestowed on conquerers (who for the most part are but the great butchers of mankind) farther mislead growing youth, who by this means come to think slaughter the laudible business of mankind, and the most heroick of virtues. By these steps unnatural cruelty is planted in us; and what humanity abhors, custom reconciles and recommends to us, by laying it in the way to honour. Thus, by fashioning and opinion, that comes to be a pleasure, which in itself neither is, nor can be any.

„The imagination is always restless and suggests a variety of thoughts, and the will, reason being laid aside, is ready for every extravagant project“

—  John Locke, kniha Two Treatises of Government

First Treatise of Government
Two Treatises of Government (1689)
Kontext: The imagination is always restless and suggests a variety of thoughts, and the will, reason being laid aside, is ready for every extravagant project; and in this State, he that goes farthest out of the way, is thought fittest to lead, and is sure of most followers: And when Fashion hath once Established, what Folly or craft began, Custom makes it Sacred, and 'twill be thought impudence or madness, to contradict or question it. He that will impartially survey the Nations of the World, will find so much of the Governments, Religion, and Manners brought in and continued amongst them by these means, that they will have but little Reverence for the Practices which are in use and credit amongst Men.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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