John Dewey citátov

John Dewey fotka
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John Dewey

Dátum narodenia: 20. október 1859
Dátum úmrtia: 1. jún 1952

Reklama

John Dewey bol americký filozof, predstaviteľ chicagskej školy pragmatizmu, predstaviteľ reformnej pedagogiky. Opieral sa o behaviorizmus J. B. Watsona. Deweyho považujú za najvplyvnejšieho amerického sociálneho filozofa a pedagóga.

V protiklade k Jamesovi a F. C. S. Schillerovi zakladá ľudské poznanie na skúsenosti spojenej s rozvojom techniky. Tento rozvoj dokazuje neustála premenlivosť všetkého, čo je hmotné a duchovné, všetkého, o čom s konečnou platnosťou rozhoduje ľudská činnosť. Myslenie i poznanie sú pre túto činnosť nástrojom, ktorý umožňuje človeku prekonať množstvo ťažkostí, ktoré pred ním vznikajú.

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Citáty John Dewey

„Ak učíme dnešných študentov, ako sme to učili včera, okradneme ich o zajtrajšok.“

—  John Dewey

Original: If we teach today’s students as we taught yesterday’s, we rob them of tomorrow.
Reklama

„Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself.“

—  John Dewey
This is a paraphrase of an idea that Dewey expressed using other words in My Pedagogic Creed (1897) and Democracy and Education (1916); it is widely misattributed to Dewey as a quotation. Cf. James William Norman, A Comparison of Tendencies in Secondary Education in England and the United States (New York: Teachers College, Columbia University, 1922), [//books.google.com/books?id=qrmgAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA140 p. 140] (emphasis added): "...there has for years been a strong and growing tendency in the United States under the leadership of Dewey, and more recently of Kilpatrick, to find an educational method correlative of democracy in society with the belief that education is life itself rather than a mere preparation for life, and that practice in democratic living is the best preparation for democracy."

„The only way to abolish war is to make peace heroic.“

—  John Dewey
James Hinton, Philosophy and Religion: Selections from the Manuscripts of the Late James Hinton, ed. Caroline Haddon, (2nd ed., London: 1884), [//books.google.com/books?id=DpxRAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA267 p. 267]. Widely misattributed on the internet to Dewey, who actually attributes it to Hinton in Human Nature and Conduct: An Introduction to Social Psychology (New York: 1922), [//books.google.com/books?id=Ws0RAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA115 p. 115].

Reklama

„Democracy has to be born anew every generation, and education is its midwife.“

—  John Dewey
Context: It is no accident that all democracies have put a high estimate upon education; that schooling has been their first care and enduring charge. Only through education can equality of opportunity be anything more than a phrase. Accidental inequalities of birth, wealth, and learning are always tending to restrict the opportunities of some as compared with those of others. Only free and continued education can counteract those forces which are always at work to restore, in however changed a form, feudal oligarchy. Democracy has to be born anew every generation, and education is its midwife. The Need of an Industrial Education in an Industrial Democracy (1916)

Reklama

„a problem well put is half solved.“

—  John Dewey
“The Pattern of Inquiry” from Logic: Theory of Inquiry

„Every great advance in science has issued from a new audacity of imagination.“

—  John Dewey, The Quest for Certainty: A Study of the Relation of Knowledge and Action
The Quest for Certainty (1929), Ch. XI

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