Ingmar Bergmanová citátov

Ingmar Bergmanová fotka
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Ingmar Bergmanová

Dátum narodenia: 14. júl 1918
Dátum úmrtia: 30. júl 2007

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Ingmar Bergman bol švédsky filmový režisér.

Vyslúžil si uznanie za prenikavé analýzy ľudských citov a stal sa vzorom pre niekoľko generácií tvorcov na celom svete. Vo svojich dielach sa sústreďuje na vnútorné rozpory a krehkosť duše. Debutoval filmom Kris , ale prvým z tematicky a štýlovo inovátorských filmov, ktoré sú pre neho charakteristické, prišiel až v roku 1949. Po nich nasledoval rad filmov, ktoré dokladali Bergmanove umelecké vyzrievanie, napr. Leto s Monikou . Bergman neprestal skúmať nové naratívne postupy a tematické oblasti, o čom svedčí stredoveká moralita Prameň panny , film Diablovo oko i znepokojujúce snímky Ako v zrkadle a Mlčanie . V USA zaznamenal najväčší úspech s filmom Šepoty a výkriky .

Všeobecné uznanie ako jeden z najväčších filmových režisérov svojej doby získal vo Švédsku ako aj v zahraničí filmom Fanny a Alexander, 1981, ktorý nakrútil po návrate z dobrovoľného exilu v Nemecku. Jeho filmy boli veľa ráz nominované na Oscara, ktorého mu udelili za Prameň panny, Ako v zrkadle a Fanny a Alexander. Najvyššie ocenenia za svoje filmy získal Bergman aj na festivaloch v Berlíne a Cannes.

Ingmar Bergman napísal v 80. a 90. rokoch minulého storočia viacero zväzkov svojich pamätí, resp. pamätí bergmanovskej rodiny , z ktorých niektoré preložil M. Žitný do slovenčiny.

O esejistický výklad Bergmanovej filmárskej osobnosti a niektorých jeho kľúčových filmov sa pokúsil Július Vanovič v knihe Za kulisy života .

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Citáty Ingmar Bergmanová

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„For me, in those days, the great question was: Does God exist? Or doesn't God exist? Can we, by an attitude of faith, attain to a sense of community and a better world? Or, if God doesn't exist, what do we do then? What does our world look like then? In none of this was there the least political colour.“

—  Ingmar Bergman
Context: That I wasn't interested in politics or social matters, that's dead right. I was utterly indifferent. After the war and the discovery of the concentration camps, and with the collapse of political collaborations between the Russians and the Americans, I just contracted out. My involvement became religious. I went in for a psychological, religious line... the salvation-damnation issue, for me, was never political. It was religious. For me, in those days, the great question was: Does God exist? Or doesn't God exist? Can we, by an attitude of faith, attain to a sense of community and a better world? Or, if God doesn't exist, what do we do then? What does our world look like then? In none of this was there the least political colour. My revolt against bourgeois society was a revolt-against-the-father. I was a peripheral fellow, regarded with deep suspicion from every quarter... When I arrived in Gothenburg after the war, the actors at the Municipal Theatre fell into distinct groups: old ex-Nazis, Jews, and anti-Nazis. Politically speaking, there was dynamite in that company: but Torsten Hammaren, the head of the theatre, held it together in his iron grasp. Stig Bjorkman interview <!-- pages 12-14 -->

„Well, we're grasping for two things at once. Partly for communion with others — that's the deepest instinct in us. And partly, we're seeking security. By constant communion with others we hope we shall be able to accept the horrible fact of our total solitude.“

—  Ingmar Bergman
Context: Well, we're grasping for two things at once. Partly for communion with others — that's the deepest instinct in us. And partly, we're seeking security. By constant communion with others we hope we shall be able to accept the horrible fact of our total solitude. We're always reaching out for new projects, new structure, new systems in order to abolish — partly or wholly — our insight into our loneliness. If it weren't so, religious systems would never arise. Torsten Manns interview <!-- pages 164-167 -->

„To the fanatical believer physical and spiritual suffering is beside the point, compared with salvation. That is why, to him, everything happening around him is irrelevant, a mirror-image, a mere will-o'-the-wisp. … I can really never get shot of them, the fanatics. Whether they appear as religious fanatics or vegetarian fanatics makes no odds. They're catastrophic people.“

—  Ingmar Bergman
Context: To the fanatical believer physical and spiritual suffering is beside the point, compared with salvation. That is why, to him, everything happening around him is irrelevant, a mirror-image, a mere will-o'-the-wisp. … I can really never get shot of them, the fanatics. Whether they appear as religious fanatics or vegetarian fanatics makes no odds. They're catastrophic people. These types whose whole cast of mind as it were looks beyond mere human beings toward some unknown goal. The terrible thing is the great power they often wield over their fellow human beings. Apart from the fact that I believe they suffer like the very devil, I've no sympathy for them. Jonas Sima interview <!-- p. 117 -->

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