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Burrhus frederic Skinner

Dátum narodenia: 20. marec 1904
Dátum úmrtia: 18. august 1990

Burrhus Frederic Skinner bol americký psychológ. Bol prívržencom neobehaviorizmu. Zaoberal sa otázkami programového učenia.

„Výchova je to, čo v človeku zostane, keď zabudne, čo sa naučil.“

„We shouldn't teach great books; we should teach a love of reading. Knowing the contents of a few works of literature is a trivial achievement. Being inclined to go on reading is a great achievement.“

„A failure is not always a mistake, it may simply be the best one can do under the circumstances. The real mistake is to stop trying.“

„The only geniuses produced by the chaos of society are those who do something about it. Chaos breeds geniuses. It offers a man something to be a genius about.“ Walden Two

„Education is what survives when what has been learnt has been forgotten.“

„No one asks how to motivate a baby. A baby naturally explores everything it can get at, unless restraining forces have already been at work. And this tendency doesn't die out, it's wiped out.“ Walden Two

„The real question is not whether machines think but whether men do. The mystery which surrounds a thinking machine already surrounds a thinking man.“ Contingencies Of Reinforcement: A Theoretical Analysis

„Some of us learn control, more or less by accident. The rest of us go all our lives not even understanding how it is possible, and blaming our failure on being born the wrong way.“ Walden Two

„We are only just beginning to understand the power of love because we are just beginning to understand the weakness of force and aggression.“ Walden Two

„A fourth-grade reader may be a sixth-grade mathematician. The grade is an administrative device which does violence to the nature of the developmental process.“ Walden Two

„A person who has been punished is not thereby simply less inclined to behave in a given way; at best, he learns how to avoid punishment.“ Beyond Freedom and Dignity

„What is love except another name for the use of positive reinforcement? Or vice versa.“ Walden Two

„At this very moment enormous numbers of intelligent men and women of goodwill are trying to build a better world. But problems are born faster than they can be solved.“ Walden Two

„If freedom is a requisite for human happiness, then all that’s necessary is to provide the illusion of freedom.“

„Society attacks early, when the individual is helpless. It enslaves him almost before he has tasted freedom. The 'ologies' will tell you how its done Theology calls it building a conscience or developing a spirit of selflessness. Psychology calls it the growth of the superego.

Considering how long society has been at it, you'd expect a better job. But the campaigns have been badly planned and the victory has never been secured.“
Walden Two

„A scientist may not be sure of the answer, but he's often sure he can find one. And that's a condition which is clearly not enjoyed by philosophy.“ Walden Two

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