Sediaci býk citátov
Dátum narodenia: 1831
Dátum úmrtia: 15. december 1890
Sediaci býk bol významný náčelník indiánskeho kmeňa Siouxov .
Narodil sa v rodine náčelníka rovnakého mena, ktoré v jazyku lakota znie Tĥatĥáŋka Íyotake. Otec a strýkovia z neho vychovali obratného lovca a bojovníka, ktorý už ako desaťročný skolil prvého bizóna. Postupne preukázal svoje schopnosti vo všetkých štyroch vlastnostiach, ktoré Lakotovia považovali za najdôležitejšie: statočnosť, štedrosť, múdrosť a sila.
Spolu s Červeným oblakom patril medzi najvýznamnejších Indiánov vo svojej dobe. Viedol kmene Siouxov v slávnej bitke pri Little Big Horne 25. júna 1876, kde bola úplne porazená 7. kavaléria generála Custera.
Do bitky zhromaždil asi 7 indiánskych kmeňov, asi 3 000 mužov a k tomu ich rodiny. To, že sa stal vojenským náčelníkom všetkých kmeňov nebolo vôbec bežné, pretože každý kmeň mal svojho vodcu a ten bol najvyššou autoritou. Vodcovia kmeňov však Sediaceho býka zvolili a podriadili sa mu počas bojov proti vláde.
Jedna bitka však nevyhráva vojnu a Sediaci býk na niekoľko rokov našiel azyl v Kanade , kde sa k Indiánom vláda správala podstatne lepšie. Napriek tomu sa Sediaci býk vrátil do USA.
Jeho skupina bola poslednou, ktorá zostala a aj ona sa zmierila s rezerváciou. Típí vymenil za zrub a žil v rezervácii. Istý čas jazdil s cirkusom Buffalo Billa, kde vystupoval vo „Wild West Show“ a „show business“ sa mu celkom páčil. Ľudia mu platili za podpis.
Nezabudol však na jednu zo štyroch základných vlastností - štedrosť, a tak väčšinu z toho, čo si zarobil, rozdal.
V roku 1890 pri návšteve rezervácie, vydal agent James McLaughlin príkaz indiánskej polícii na jeho zatknutie, pretože Sediaci býk tancoval zakázaný mystický „Tanec duchov“.
Pri zatýkaní nastal v dedine zmätok a Sediaceho býka zastrelili vlastní ľudia, ktorí ho prišli zatknúť.
Citáty Sediaci býk
„I have killed, robbed, and injured too many white men to believe in a good peace. They are medicine, and I would eventually die a lingering death. I had rather die on the field of battle.“
Recorded by Charles Larpenteur at Fort Union in 1867. Published in Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993. p. 73.
Recorded by the Jesuit priest Pierre-Jean De Smet after a council with Sitting Bull on June 19, 1868. Published in Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993. p. 79-80.
Kontext: I hardly sustain myself beneath the weight of white men's blood that I have shed. The whites provoked the war; their injustices, their indignities to our families, the cruel, unheard of and wholly unprovoked massacre at Fort Lyon … shook all the veins which bind and support me. I rose, tomahawk in hand, and I have done all the hurt to the whites that I could.
As recorded by reporters covering a speech made by Sitting Bull to U.S. military officers at a conference between the military and the Sioux who had retreated to Canada. Published in Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993. p. 196.
Kontext: You come here to tell us lies, but we don't want to hear them. If we told you more, you would have paid no attention. That is all I have to say.
Recorded by a reporter after Sitting Bull's retreat to Canada after being defeated in the Black Hills War, originally published in the New York Herald on November 16, 1877. Published in Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993. p. 190.
„Look at me, see if I am poor, or my people either. The whites may get me at last, as you say, but I will have good times till then. You are fools to make yourselves slaves to a piece of fat bacon, some hard-tack, and a little sugar and coffee.“
Also told to Charles Larpenteur at Fort Union in 1867. Published in Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993. p. 73.
„The love of possessions is a disease in them. These people have made many rules that the rich may break, but the poor may not! They have a religion in which the poor worship, but the rich will not! They even take tithes from the poor and weak to support the rich and those who rule. They claim this mother of ours, the earth, for their own use, and fence their neighbor away. … If America had been twice the size it is, there still would not have been enough.“
Sitting Bull: The Collected Speeches, p. 75
„I will remain what I am until I die, a hunter, and when there are no buffalo or other game I will send my children to hunt and live on prairie, for where an Indian is shut up in one place his body becomes weak.“
Recorded by James M. Walsh, inspector in the Northwest Territory of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, at a conference with Sitting Bull on March 23, 1879. Published in Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993. p. 206.
„Inside of me there are two dogs. One is mean and evil and the other is good and they fight each other all the time. When asked which one wins I answer, the one I feed the most.“
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„They claim this mother of ours, the earth, for their own and fence their neighbors away; they deface her with their buildings and their refuse. That nation is like a spring freshet that overruns its banks and destroys all who are in its path. We cannot dwell side by side.“
„Behold, my brothers, the spring has come; the earth has received the embraces of the sun and we shall soon see the results of that love! Every seed has awakened and so has all animal life. It is through this mysterious power that we too have our being and we therefore yield to our neighbors, even our animal neighbors, the same right as ourselves, to inhabit this land.“
„Because I am a red man. If the Great Spirit had desired me to be a white man he would have made me so in the first place. He put in your heart certain wishes and plans; in my heart he put other and different desires. Each man is good in the sight of the Great Spirit. It is not necessary, that eagles should be crows.“
Quoted in Vine Deloria, God Is Red: A Native View of Religion. Golden, Colo: Fulcrum Pub, 2003, cited to Virginia Armstrong, I have spoken; American history through the voices of the Indians. Chicago, Sage Books, 1971.