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Margaret Mead

Dátum narodenia: 16. december 1902
Dátum úmrtia: 15. november 1978

Margaret Meadová bola americká kultúrna antropologička.

Študovala na Barnard College a na Columbijskej univerzite, kde vyučoval Franz Boas a Ruth Benedictová. Prvý výskumný projekt, ktorý viedla v Tichomorí, bol zameraný na spôsob života dospievajúcich dievčat. Spolu podnikla 12 výskumných expedícií do Tichomoria, najmä na Novú Guineu. Záujem sústreďovala aj na rodovú problematiku. Dospela k názoru o kultúrnej podmienenosti rodových aj individuálnych diferencií. Výchova totiž, podľa Meadovej, určuje povahové črty a distribúciu vlastností a sama je kultúrne podmienená.

Meadová bola v roku 1960 zvolená za prezidentku Americkej antropologickej asociácie. Spolupracovala s OSN na viacerých projektoch, týkajúcich sa výchovy, detí a problémov mentálneho zdravia.

„Nepochybujte o tom, že pár premýšľajúcich, zanietených ľudí môže zmeniť svet. Vlastne je to vždy práve tak.“

„Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed, citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.“

„I was wise enough never to grow up, while fooling people into believing I had.“

„Children must be taught how to think, not what to think.“

„Laughter is man's most distinctive emotional expression.“

„Instead of being presented with stereotypes by age, sex, color, class, or religion, children must have the opportunity to learn that within each range, some people are loathsome and some are delightful.“

„Having someone wonder where you are when you don't come home at night is a very old human need.“

„Always remember that you are absolutely unique. Just like everyone else.“

„Never depend upon institutions or government to solve any problem. All social movements are founded by, guided by, motivated and seen through by the passion of individuals.“

„There is no greater insight into the future than recognizing... when we save our children, we save ourselves“

„We are continually faced with great opportunities which are brilliantly disguised as unsolvable problems.“

„You know you love someone when you cannot put into words how they make you feel.“

„Young people are moving away from feeling guilty about sleeping with somebody to feeling guilty if they are *not* sleeping with someone.“

„It is utterly false and cruelly arbitrary to put all the play and learning into childhood, all the work into middle age, and all the regrets into old age.“

„I used to say to my classes that the ways to get insight are: to study infants; to study animals; to study primitive people; to be psychoanalyzed; to have a religious conversion and get over it; to have a psychotic episode and get over it; or to have a love affair with an old Russian. And I stopped saying that when a little dancer in the front row put up her hand and said, 'Does he have to be old?“

„If the future is to remain open and free, we need people who can tolerate the unknown, who will not need the support of completely worked out systems or traditional blueprints from the past.“

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